Paint Correction

Professional Cutting & Polishing

Paint Correction

Professional Cutting & Polishing

Paint Correction Before a Ceramic Coating

Almost all cars require paint correction before a ceramic coating application, even brand new cars.

Paint correction not only removes the imperfections and enhances the gloss, but also preps the finish and delivers a high-performing coating.

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Correction

Gloss

Sanding

2000 Grit

Sanding

5000 Grit

Compounding

Heavy

Compounding

Light

Polishing

Fine

What is Paint Correction

Paint correction is the process of removing imperfections from an automotive clear-coat. It can be a 2-stage, 3-stage, or a 5-stage process.  If the paint has deep scratches, light oxidation, or etching, a 5-stage process would be the right method, as it includes two stages of wet sanding (with 2000 and 5000 grit foam disc), two stages of compounding (heavy and light), and a final polishing stage.

Wet sanding is the process that removes the scratched, oxidized clear-coat layer, but it creates a dull finish. It is followed by heavy compounding, which is much less effective in eliminating imperfections, but it restores 80-90% of the gloss. Heavy compounding is followed by light compounding and fine polishing to eliminate hazing holograms and further enhance the gloss.

1-Stage

Polish

Enhances gloss

Removes hazing

2-Stage

Paint Correction

Enhances gloss

Removes hazing

Removes swirl marks*

3-Stage

Paint Correction

Enhances gloss

Removes hazing

Removes swirl marks

Removes water marks*

5-Stage

Paint Correction

Enhances gloss

Removes hazing

Removes swirl marks

Removes water marks

Removes scratches*


Fine polishing


Fine polishing

Light Compounding


Fine polishing

Light Compounding

Heavy Compounding


Fine polishing

Light Compounding

Heavy Compounding

5000 Grit Wet Sanding

2000 Grit Wet Sanding


Best for brand-new paint


Best for almost brand-new paint


Best for remarkably swirled paint


Best for remarkably swirled and scratched paint

 
 
 
 

Common Paint Damages & Repair Methods

In Alphabetical Order

Chipping

Rock Chips

A professional paint touch-up is the most common way to repair rock chips. If there are dozens of big chips on a hood, a paint job would be a better option.

Road Rash

RestorFX® is a good option to repair mild road rash damages on hoods and fenders. On bumpers , the indentations are usually much deeper - going all the way through the plastic - which makes painting a stronger option.

Deposits

Overspray

There are various methods to remove overspray on a paint. The common practice is to find the right method with trial and error. Depending on the type, amount, and freshness of the deposit, some are easy to remove, some are not. On a used car, overspray usually accompanies other paint imperfections, such as scratches. In such cases, it makes more sense to use a technique that solves multiple problems, not only just overspray.

To give an example, wiping the paint with an alcohol or a clay bar can successfully remove the overspray, but does not repair scratches. RestorFX® paint restoration and 5-stage paint correction, on the other hand, can remove of overspray, watermarks, and scratches at the same time.

Etching

Bird Dropping Etching

If your car's paint is not ceramic coated, it will be prone to bird dropping etching. Bird droppings have very aggressive chemical structures and can etch the entire clear-coat, base-coat, or even primer, if not removed quickly. For this reason, conventional paint correction or RestorFX® can only offer a partial repair. A paint job is the ultimate solution.

Recommended: Auto painting

Tree Sap Etching

If your car's paint is not ceramic coated, it will be prone to tree sap etching. Tree saps have very aggressive chemical structures and can etch the entire clear-coat, base-coat, or even primer, if not removed quickly. For this reason, conventional paint correction or RestorFX® can only offer a partial repair. A paint job is the ultimate solution.

Recommended: Auto painting

Oxidation

Light Oxidation

Oxidation increases the porosity of the paint and fades it. An oxidized paint benefits from paint correction quite a lot as it will restore shine and slow down or stop the oxidation process.

If the paint is lightly oxidized, a 3 or 5-stage paint correction, or RestorFX® can be used to restore shine and remove oxidation.

Heavy Oxidation

If there are blotchy white areas on the paint, it means there is no clear-coat left to restore or correct. The only option to repair such heavily-oxidized paint is painting.

Recommended: Auto painting

Peeling

Clear-Coat or Paint Peeling

Peeling can take place if the paint is oxidized, poorly repainted, or washed at very high pressure. Whatever the reason is, it needs to be repainted, even if the peeling is only at the clear-coat.

Recommended: Auto painting

Scratches

Clear-Coat Scratches

Clear-coat scratches are by far the most common type of scratch found on cars. They do not expose the base-coat or metal, but this doesn't mean they can be easily buffed out. With traditional paint correction, it is not difficult or impossible to remove a deep clear-coat scratch, but it can be a risky process. If the scratch is deep, there is the so-called "paint burn" risk. For this reason, most professionals do not take the extra risk and prefer a partial repair.

Clear-coat scratches usually have a V-shaped cross-section profile. When the light bounces off the scratch walls, it creates a white hue. Because of this reason, on white cars, individual scratches are not easily noticeable from 6 feet or longer distance, but if they are high in number, they fade the white paint dramatically.

On black cars, a deep clear-coat scratch can be noticed even from 15 to 20 feet distance. They not only fade the paint but also depreciate the value of the car.

Car Wash Scratches

Car wash scratches are basically clear-coat scratches and it is not very difficult to buff them out. If a car is washed too many times in a drive-thru car wash, however - such as a car with a rental history - it may take days to correct the paint. In such cars, RestorFX® creates better results.

Base-Coat Scratches

As the name implies, a base-coat scratch goes all the way through the base-coat. If a scratch is not going through the primer or metal, it should be regarded as cosmetic damage, so as a base-coat scratch.

Although it is a cosmetic damage, a complete repair of a base-coat scratch requires a paint job. This is, however, not an inexpensive option. If the scratches are in few points or covering a small area, a professional paint touch-up usually generates acceptable results.

Primer Scratches

A primer-coat scratch goes all the way through the primer and metal. Unless the body is aluminum, it must be repaired to prevent corrosion. If the scratch area is small, a professional paint touch-up can be a cost-effective solution, if not, the panel needs to be painted.

Scuffs

Bumper Scuffs

If the scuff is in the clear-coat, RestorFX® would be the best option. If the damage is going all the way through the plastic but not big, a professional touch-up can be a good option. If the damage is big and noticeable, we recommend a local or full-bumper painting.

Fender Scuffs

After bumpers, fenders scuff the most, but they are more expensive to paint.  If the damage is relatively small, we recommend the RestorFX® process. It will remove most of the scuff marks, if there are few marks left, a paint touch-up  can do the rest. If the damage is relatively big,  it would be better to get the panel repainted.

FAQ